Sources of Study

This contains notes on Medieval India.

Medieval India – Introduction

  1. Death of Harsha in 647 AD marked the transition from the ancient to the Medieval Period.

Sources of Study

  1. Literary works like Prithviraja-Vijaya-Kavya and Hammira-Mahakavya provide stirring narratives of this period
  2. The historical accounts like Rajmala, the official chronicle of the ruling family of Tipperah
  3. The Rajtarangini of Kalhana
  4. Jain writings of 13th & 14th centuries.
  5. Note: Points 2, 3 and 4 provide glimpses of political and cultural events.

  6. The Tibetan monk, Dharmasvamin, has left a poignant testimony of the condition of Buddhist shrines after the Turkish invasion of Bihar.
  7. For the Sulatanate and Mughal periods, there is abundance of official records, gazateers, royal autobiographies, biographies augmented by archaelogical, epigraphic and numismatic evidence and also the volumes of European factory records.
  8. The Maratha administration records, in particular those of Peshwa Daftar are a mine of information on the era. 
  9. The Taksim and Arhsattha documents in Rajasthani
  10. Primary source of information on Delhi Sultanate:-
  11. S.No.

    Author

    Books

    1

    Hasan Nizami

    Taj-ul-Haasir

    2

    Minhaj Siraj

    Tabaqat-i-Nasini

    3

    Zia-ud-din Barani

    Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi

    4

    Zia-ud-din Barani

    Fatwah-i-Jahandari

    5

    Atif

    Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi

    6

    Isami

    Futuh-us-Salatin

  12. About Mughals:-
  13. S.No.

    Author

    Books

    1

    Abul Fazl

    Akbar Nama

    2

    Nizamuddin Ahmad

    Tabaqat-i-Akbari

    3

    Badauni

    Muntakhab-al-twarikh

    4

    Abdul Hamid Lahori

    Badhahnama

    5

    Khafi Khan

    Muntakhab-ul-labab

    6

    Ali Mohd. Khan (diwan of Gujarat)

    Mirat-i-Ahmadi (1748)Sufi

  14. Sufi literature constitutes valuable source of information. Several biographies(Tazkirahs) and compilations of their sayings(Malfuzat) are available, most important Malfuzat being Fawadul Fawad.
  15. Colonial Trends:- In mid-19th century, the Asiatic Society of Bengal sponsored the publication of medieval chronicles under the “Bibliotheca Indica” series.
  16. Other books:-

    S.No.

    Author

    Books

    1

    Eliot & Dowson(1867-77)

    History of India as told by its own Historians.(8 volumes)

    2

    Lane-Poole (1903)

    Medieval India under Muhammadan  Rule

    3

    Vincent Smith (1919

    Oxford History of India

    4

    W H Moreland

    ·         The Agriculture of United Provinces(1904)

    ·         The Revenue Administration of the United Provinces (1911)

    ·         India at the death of Akbar

    ·         India from Akbar to Auragzeb

  17. Modern Historiography begibs with Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and the Aligarh School in the second half of 19th century
  18. Books:-

    S.No.

    Author

    Books

    1

    K M Ashraf

    Life and Conditions of the People of Hindustan

    2

    I H Qureshi

    The Administration of Sultanate of Delhi (1942)

    3

    Faruki

    Aurangzeb and His Times (1935)

    4

    ABM Habibullah

    Foundation of Muslim Rule in India (1945)

    5

    Sir Jadunath Sarkar (Father of Modern Historical Research)

    ·         History of Aurangzeb

    ·         The Fall of Mughal Empire (4 volumes)

    6

    Irfan Habib

    Agrarian System of Mughal India (1963)

    7

    Athar Ali

    Mughal Ruling Elite(1970)

  19. Books:-

    S.No.

    Author

    Books

    1

    Alberuni

    Kitab-ul-hind

    2

    Firdausi

    Shahnama

    Utbi

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