GURT, also called terminator technology, is a biotech-based strategy that prevents seeds from germinating in the next growing season unless treated chemically by the seed company prior to planting. When seeds of crop varieties (containing this kind of genetic manipulation) are purchased from the company and planted, they germinate and grow normally but produce seeds that do not germinate when saved by the farmers for sowing during the following season. Thus, healthy and high yielding plants are genetically commanded to produce ‘sterile’ seeds preventing the farmers to use them for the next season’s planting. The technology was first developed by theDelta & PineLand, a multinational seed company, and the US Department of Agriculture. If commercialized, ‘terminator’ would compel farmers to purchase fresh seeds from the company every year. It is bad for agricultural biodiversity and worse for the small and marginal farmers.
Farmers have to purchase seeds of high yielding hybrid varieties because seeds produced by the hybrid plants are not uniform and their production capacity decreases in successive seasons. Hybrid varieties are not yet popular in self-fertilised crop plants like wheat and rice whose seeds are normally replaced after five years or so and that too on exchange among the farmers. Multinational seed companies intend to prevent this traditional practice through GURTs.
Posted in Agriculture, Climate
Tagged Genetic Use Restriction Technologies, Genetic use restriction technology, Government of India, GURT, PPVFR, PPVFR Act, PPVFR Act 2001, Seed company, United States Department of Agriculture, UPOV
India has announced a National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in June, 2008 which incorporates its vision of sustainable development and the steps it must take to realize it. The NAPCC is coordinated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests and implemented through the nodal Ministries and is aimed at advancing relevant actions in specific sectors/areas. Eight national missions in the areas of solar energy, enhanced energy efficiency, sustainable agriculture, sustainable habitat, water, Himalayan ecosystem, increasing the forest cover, and strategic knowledge for climate change form the core of NAPCC.
The eight national missions under NAPCC are:
Posted in Climate, India, Social Issues
Tagged Activism, Climate change, Energy policy of China, Environment, Impacts and Indicators, Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, National Mission for a “Green India, National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, Organizations, Sustainable agriculture